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تنبيه

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، نُرَحِّبُ بِجَمِيعِ أَعْضَاءِ "مَجَالِسِ العِلْمِ النَّافِعِ" وَزُوَّارِهَا، ونَدْعُوهُم للاطِّلَاع عَلَى بُنُود وقَوانٍينٍ المَجالِسِ ، وَفَّقَنَا اللهُ جَمِيعًا لحُسْنِ الإِفَادَةِ والاستِفَادَةِ

العودة   مَجَالِس العِلْمِ النَّافِعِ > المَجَالِسُ الشَّرْعِيَّةِ بِاللُّغَاتِ الأَجْنَبِيَّةِ . > English Forum
التسجيل التعليمـــات قائمة الأعضاء التقويم البحث مشاركات اليوم اجعل كافة الأقسام مقروءة

إضافة رد
 
أدوات الموضوع انواع عرض الموضوع
قديم 08-22-2015, 01:56 AM   رقم المشاركة : 1
معلومات العضو
أبو مالك إبراهيم الفوكي
أَخُوكُم.







أبو مالك إبراهيم الفوكي غير متواجد حالياً

افتراضي The islamic Manuscripts and Computers




By: The eminent Shaikh Abu 'Ubaidah Mashhoor Hasan Al Salman may Allāh protect him from all evils.
Praise be to Allāh, we praise Him, seek His help and forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Allāh from the evils of our selves and our bad deeds. Whoever Allāh guides, none can misguide him. And whoever Allah misguides, none can guide him, and I bear witness that there is no Ilāh –worthy of worship but Allāh – and I bear witness that Muhammad is His bondman and messenger.
To proceed,
Taking care of our old scholars' heritage and knowledge – through preserving their manuscripts – is considered a collective duty. This could be done by dedicating a group of ***** and knowledgeable students to take care of such manuscripts. This could also be done by making advantage of the new technology such as using the CDs, and the modern hadāth computer programs . Such programs would help its user find any piece of information he wants so easily and precisely– which could solve a lot of problems –.
The following points represent few suggestions that would help join between originality and modernity,
First: in case a manuscript undergoes verification (including text, computer printing …etc.), photocopies of the manuscript should be included on a CD together with the printed material itself.
Second: Manuscripts should be gathered as much as possible and be stored on CDs in a manner that makes it easy for any one to search in them. Important copies should have priority.
Third: Manuscripts including similar topics should be joined together. That is, the manuscripts that deal with the same topic should be joined together starting with the manuscripts dealing with the principles of each topic and ending with the manuscripts that deal with specific issues. Designing certain tables and charts would be an effective way through which such collections of manuscripts can be reached easily.
Fourth: Designing detailed search programs that include the author of the manuscript, the manuscript's title, a brief presentation of the manuscripts including: the date on which the manuscripts was written, the name of its copyist, and the source of the manuscripts such as: the name of the library that owns the manuscripts and some notes about the manuscript including:
  1. Whether it is complete or not.
  2. Whether it has been published in the form of a book or not.
  3. The shortcomings of the manuscripts regarding missed words, unclear words, missed pieces, and the status of it papers .. etc.
  4. Naming those who narrated the manuscript and those who heard it and the names of those who copied it and how well there hand writing is. Such information would help know more about those people who are unidentified and /or get more information about whom we know little about from the printed books.
  5. Naming the people who have the right of ownership of the manuscripts.
  6. Documenting whatever information found in the manuscript which is not relevant to the topic disused in the manuscript. Such information is usually found at the cover of the book or at its end.
  7. Highlighting the errors which the indices makers or those who present the manuscripts make. This would lead to making precise indices.
  8. Collecting as many documented information as could be regarding the transformation process of manuscripts from one library to the other and the way through which this transformation took place, i.e. through buying or burglary. This leads to the importance of calling those who are concerned to take back the stolen manuscripts to their original places. And those who steal them should be punished.
Fifth: The manuscripts that are in the occupied muslim countries should be photocopied using the modern technology and be preserved in more than one place.
Sixth: Certain indices should be made for the names of the manuscripts located in the poor and/or developing countries. They should also be photocopied so that they could be easily reached by students of Shar‘knowledge.
Seventh: A periodical should be published including brief presentation of the importance of such manuscripts and the indices including their names. The non-Arabic indices should also be translated into the Arabic ********. It is of great importance also to take into consideration the number of copies of the manuscripts that have not been printed yet and the number of the printed books that depend on relatively recent manuscripts or incomplete ones. Books that were published in such periodicals should also be specified. Bibliographies for the articles that include rectification and correction for these books should be done. Through these bibliographies, search - programs could be designed in order to collect all the missing manuscripts – highlighting the problem of stealing them and showing up to the public all those who trade with stolen manuscripts, and highlighting the manuscripts that exist in restless countries.
Eighth: Publishing the most important, rare, and most precise manuscripts that are needed by researchers in their production of multi-volume books.
Ninth: the acquisition of ancient European publications of rare manuscripts of our heritage and republishing them using the offset within certain quantities. Doing so, would help researchers reach such manuscripts easily.
Tenth: Publishing a book that includes scholars' hand writings, brief information about the many precise copyists – and the importance of their effort in publishing manuscripts and their precision in doing so and their hand writing.
Eleventh: Designing a program that shows the steps of verifying manuscripts. This program should include lists and charts regarding each step in the process of verification. Included in this program, much attention should be dedicated to the most efficient verifiers of manuscripts, providing their biographies and showing their effort in this field of knowledge (i.e. verifying manuscripts).
Twelfth: Evaluating the printed verified books, that are published many times, is also of great importance in this field of knowledge. While doing so, the short comings found in such books should be revealed, specified and exemplified. The alternation done to the words of the original (the manuscript) and the omittion of some pieces of the original done by fraudulent publishers, followers of deviated sects and orientalists (the Jews) should also be highlighted and revealed to the public. This could be done using photography in order to show the reliable original of a manuscript compared to those incomplete ones.
Thirteenth: The laws – which are not put under practice – that protect our heritage should be revived. New laws should be set for the purpose of punishing those who mess with our heritage and cause it to loss.
Fourteenth: Creating ways through which unidentified manuscripts could be known – whether this identification is related to the author, the title, or the copyist of the manuscript. For example, in order to identify a copyist of a manuscript a computer program should be designed including the following items:
  1. The handwriting of as many scholars and copyists as possible as explained in the tenth point.
  2. A program that could link between the copyist and his hand writing. Such a program should include different models of all the Arabic letters and should also include different forms of introductions and conclusions which usually include Basmallah and Hamdalah and Salāt upon Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
  3. Through the above mentioned program – a manuscript whose copyist is unidentified – the manuscript is compared to all the different hand writings included in already designed program and hence the ability to identify its copyist. The more hand writings the program includes and the more precise in the way they are included, the more precise the out comes are. These out comes could help in knowing the age of the manuscript and its copyist. This would lead to knowing the age of the printed book and identifying its advantages and short comings.
Fifteenth: It is of great benefit to count the manuscripts found in private libraries through out the world and forming indices for them.
Sixteenth: Making interviews with those who used to trade with old books and manuscripts mentioning their experiences and recommendations.
Seventeenth: Communicating with and encouraging the nobles, the rich, and those who are concerned in order to support all that which was mentioned above so that it could be a reality. These people could help in establishing public libraries for researches and readers; provide them with the necessary books and original manuscripts and photocopies of these things. These photos can be stored on microfilms and CDs. CD writers and printers should also be available in such libraries.
Eighteenth: Holding specialized courses for teaching the process of verifying original manuscripts: reading the text correctly, picking out all the hadāth included in the manuscript from their resources, ways of documenting information, and giving enough information regarding resources and the way of using them.
Nineteenth: Taking care of the voluminous, important books, support the process of printing them and distributing them amongst researchers and markets within a suitable price.
Twentieth: Designing a computer program that includes all the manuscripts, their ********s, their shape, and whether they are printed or not.
That which I have presented is merely my wish and worry that used to come to my mind from time to time during my scientific course at times of relief and times of distress till I found no escape from writing about this wish in order that my words would be in my good balance and to encourage the righteous of the muslim ’Ummah who care for their religion, heritage, and scholars to start with this project even by sincere invocation that would
Inshā'allāh– turn into sincere work that would benefit its door in this world and in the hereafter. Indeed, in Allāh alone we put our trust and to him we complain of what afflicted our ’Ummah of losing most of heritage. May Allāh pave the way for my wish to become true He is indeed the Mannan the Kareem.
May Allāh send His Salāt upon our prophet peace be upon him, his household and companions.
Glory and praise be to Allāh. I bear witness that he is the Only Ilāh worthy of worship . I seek His forgiveness and turn to Him in repentant.


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